Jiaxie was an incised wooden block textile dyeing technique that was in vogue in Tang Dynasty (618 AD-907 AD) in ancient China. It was widely used throughout East Asia in antiquity. Specimens of early Jiaxie can only be found in few well-known museums, such as the British Museum in UK and Shosoin in Japan, as their treasure textile collections.
In the 19th century, the color of Jiaxie in China remained only blue and the material evolved from silk to cotton. As a result, Jiaxie had become Lanjiaxie (Blue Jiaxie) and from luxury goods for royal family to ordinary people’s commodity. In Southeastern China, however, Lanjiaxie became a special quilt cover for marriage, which played an important role in local people’s life. A set of special etiquette, production process and use customs were designed and the patterns or images on quilt covers were usually from the Chinese ancient dramas of romance, such as hero and beauty, gifted scholars and nice ladies, indicating people’s wish and desire for love and better life even in the old days when there was no freedom for love or marriage.